Winter Walking & Biking

Make the trip to school healthier – leave the car at home.

Image Licensed by Ingram Publishing

Image Licensed by Ingram Publishing


The winter winds are howling, there is snow in the forecast, and the temperature is well into the wrong side of zero. And while it hardly seems suitable weather for walking to school, the kids are eager to get bundled up and go. Well, as eager as a kid can be when school is involved. Winter cold, it seems, is a matter of perspective.

Just because the weather has turned wintry, there is no reason to ditch active and efficient methods of getting to school. And while it may take a bit of forethought, walking and even biking can and should remain an essential part of your child’s daily activity.

Leave the car at home

There are many reasons for encouraging your kids to walk or bike to school in winter. First of all, children today are not receiving enough exercise. According to The Public Health Agency of Canada, over half of today’s kids are not active enough for healthy growth and development. This is especially true during winter, when supervised outdoor play disappears as parents choose more indoor activities. Walking and biking to school can help kids get the exercise they need.

Then there is the environment and its effect on health. You don’t have to look very far to find news of climate change and poor air quality issues. The correlation between vehicle use and these issues are well documented.

If these larger-scale issues are not alarming enough, poor air quality in school zones is an issue that should hit closer to home. Natural Resources Canada reports that increased traffic and vehicle idling around schools has been shown to negatively affect school zone air quality. This is especially alarming when you consider that children breathe more deeply and faster than adults, have lungs that are still developing, and inhale more pollution per kilogram of body weight than adults.

The best solution for this is to reduce the number of vehicles in school areas. Including yours. 

Easier said than done during the colder months of winter? It doesn’t have to be.

Kids don’t seem to mind winter nearly as much as adults do. And with the right clothing (see sidebar), kids shouldn’t be affected by the weather at all. There are exceptions to this rule. On extreme cold weather days, when the cold can become hazardous, or on heavy snow days, when visibility and traction become issues, it may be best to carpool or take public transit.

Kids who walk without adult supervision should be encouraged to travel in pairs or groups. They should always walk on sidewalks. Special care should be taken when crossing at intersections because cars may not be able to stop as efficiently.

Biking in winter

While extra care should be taken with winter biking, it does not necessarily need to be dropped for the season. With winters getting warmer, streets are often perfectly clear of snow for much of the season, making for great conditions for older kids and youth to bike. I would not recommend youth biking during snowy or icy conditions, but on warmer, snow-free days, it remains a fun and viable option.

As with walking, care needs to be taken when dressing. The addition of shell pants is particularly useful.

Wide tires with widely separated knobs work best on snow, though more and more people are switching to steel or carbide tipped studs. Be sure your child has his bike tuned before starting winter riding.

Of course, the most essential step to winter walking and biking is to get into the right mindset. Kids usually can’t wait to get out into cold and snow and play. Now if we can only get mom and dad to feel the same way.


Staying Warm While Walking

Make sure your kids are well bundled for their walk to school this winter. Follow these tips for winter dressing.


Hands. Mittens are better than gloves at keeping hands warm. The larger pocket of air offers increased insulation and makes better use of body heat than the segregated fingers of gloves. A wind and water resistant outer shell is recommended. Packing a spare pair in your child’s knapsack is never a bad idea.


Outerwear. Coats should be both insulated and water/windproof. Layers are a good idea so kids can adjust to the changing temperatures – especially important during early and late winter. Scarves and hats are crucial for cold weather. Coats and knapsacks should also have some form of reflective material on them, since it is harder for drivers to see children during the shorter, darker days of winter.


Footwear. Insulated waterproof boots are a must for winter walking. Again, a spare pair of socks in the knapsack can help keep feet dry and warm. For icy conditions, you may want to try child-sized Yaktrax, a slip-on rubber and metal coil contraption that offers sure-footed traction.


Clothing. Remember that woolen and fleece clothing help retain heat. Long underwear can be worn on particularly cold days, and a change of clothes can always be sent along on wet or snowy days.

Author: Donald Fraser

Donald Fraser is a freelance writer for television, radio, and print publications, both locally and nationally. He is a consultant, and environmental educator with an emphasis on food issues.

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